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Sunday, 27 July 2014

Democracy and vijayanagara empire

"The rulers of vijayanagara established their governance based on the ancient tradition. In the the middle ages, while they stopped the attack of musalamAna-s and those nAyaka-s who declared their independence once a while, these kings taught their prajA, a lesson in ancient Indian civilization. The vijayanagara emperors understood the centralized state administration to be appropriate for rule. That is why, the administration of empire was divided into the following four types:

1. Central administration
2. Provincial administration
3. Occupied/subjugated state administrations
4. grAma rules 

The central administration, due to the higher burden of work, required more capable individuals. This is the reason why mantrI-s, mahApradhAna and other workers worked for the Central administration. Due to the vastness of provinces, they were names as rAjya-s. Within the empire, rAjya-s stood for provinces. A subjugated king was independent in carrying out his domestic affairs, but the external state policy was related and governed by the empire. 'manDala' was a smaller unit in a province. Even more smaller fraction is mentioned as 'nADu' or grAma. The administration of grAma used to work independently as in the ancient times. The vijayanagara kings did not interfere in it. However, they improved the functioning of administration which improved the state of grAma-s."

-translated from 'vijayanagara sAmarAjya kA itihAsa' (1945), written by srI vAsudeva upAdhyaya

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